Slovakia is a small country in its surface area, but great with its attractions, placed in the pure heart of Europe.
Slovakia has the greatest treasures of its cultural and natural heritage filed with the UNESCO lists. From the tops of High Tatras, to the unrepeatable beauty of underground caverns, diverse nature revelling in colours in each of the four seasons. Examine the healing powers of thermal springs in Slovak spas, wellness facilities and entertaining aqua-parks.
Set out for Slovakia for culture, sports in winter or summer, and for great fun or knowledge. Be invited to taste the great Slovak cuisine, excellent Slovak beer and quality Slovak wines. Official name is the Slovak Republic, but the geographical centre of Europe is mostly known just as Slovakia (Slovensko in Slovak language). The republic was established on 1st of January 1993 after splitting Czechoslovakia into two countries - Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Land and People
Most of Slovakia is traversed by the Carpathian Mountains, including the Tatra and the Beskids. The highest peak is Gerlachovka (2,663 m) in the High Tatra. Slovakia is a part of the Little Alfold, a plain. Its fertile soil is drained by the Danube and its tributaries, notably the Váh. Several of its rivers have been dammed for hydroelectric power. Major cities include Bratislava and Komárno, which are the major Danubian ports; and Košice, Trnava, and Nitra.
Slovaks comprise about 85% of the population; other groups include Hungarians (over 10%), Gypsies, and Czechs (who are ethnically and linguistically related to the Slovaks, but have a separate history and cultural traditions). A law passed in 1995, and strongly opposed by Hungarians and other minorities, made Slovak the sole official language. About 60% of the population profess Roman Catholicism, and there are significant Protestant (mainly Lutheran) and Orthodox minorities.
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