Capital of the Czech Republic, the Bohemian city of Prague is the geographical Heart of Europe and one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Prague was the ancient capital of Charles IV's Bohemian Kingdom, and has played a pivotal role in the development of Central Europe since the Middle Ages. Its epic history has produced a vibrant city of stunning buildings and lovely old squares, with the result that today, Prague is one of the world's most beautiful cities.
Much of the post-communism reconstruction and regeneration of Prague has been driven by tourism, as ancient buildings have been transformed into fine restaurants and stylish hotels. In 1992 the historical centre of Prague, all 866 hectares, was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register.
Discover the highlights of Prague
The dramatic history of Prague is reflected in the beauty of its buildings. Once the seat of a mighty medieval empire, Prague is an open air museum best explored on foot. Our Prague tours can help you to discover the city. River cruises are also a popular, and relaxing way to see the sights, as many Prague attractions border the river.
The historical centre of Prague is divided into five areas, spanning both banks of the Vltava River. Charles Bridge is the main pedestrian connection between the two. On one side of the Vltava River is the Old Town (Stare Mesto), with the Old Town Square at its heart; the New Town (Nove Mesto), with Wenceslas Square at its heart; and the Jewish Quarter (Josefov). On the other side of the river is the Lesser Town (Mala Strana), and the Castle District (Hradcany), with Prague Castle at its heart. From Prague Castle on one side of the historical centre, to Wenceslas Square on the other is just a 25 minute stroll.
Prague Castle is the most prominent Prague tourist attraction. Set on a hill, it affords visitors fine views over the whole city. There are also excellent views to be had from these sights and attractions in Prague: Old Town Hall Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Lesser Town Bridge Tower, Klementinum, Jindrisska Tower, Petrin and Vysehrad. Prague tourist guide books often use English names for famous sights. This can be confusing for visitors, as maps and street signs are nearly always in Czech.
Opera and classical concerts are another highlight of Prague, with regular performances held in the city's stunning opera houses, concert halls and old churches. Prague also has some unique theatre performances.
Finally, there is food and drink! Prague restaurants have a reputation for offering good, often excellent cuisine in lovely settings, ranging from candlelit cellars to rooftop eateries with fine views over the city. And of course, there is the world famous Czech beer.
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