Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, is a beautiful small city situated on the river Ljubljanica that flows between the city centre and the castle hill above.
Its river banks are filled with great restaurants, and chic bars popular with visitors and locals alike. The town boasts the most relaxing atmosphere of all European capitals and offers endless cultural events and excellent quality of life. Ljubljana is a relatively small place, so soon you may feel like taking a day trip.
Ljubljana lies in a basin between the Karst and the alpine regions at 298 metres above sea level. We like to say it is sufficiently large to contain everything that a capital should have, and small enough to preserve the individuality of its inhabitants. It is a city with a soul, featured by the Baroque Old Town which is nestled at the foot of Castle Hill, the Art Nouveau mansions as well as some of the masterpieces of the world renowned architect JoĹľe PleÄŤnik.
If one is to believe the legend, then the founder of Ljubljana was the Greek prince Jason, together with his companions, the Argonauts. According to the legend, Jason and the Argonauts, while fleeing from King Aites, from whom they had stolen the golden fleece, sailed from the Black Sea up the Danube, from the Danube into the Sava, and from the Sava into the Ljubljanica.
Around about here Jason encountered a terrible monster, which he fought and slew. This monster was the Ljubljana dragon, which now has its permanent abode on top of the castle tower on the Ljubljana coat of arms. At a national referendum held on December 23, 1990, the people of Slovenia voted for independence and sovereignity and on June 25, 1991, the Republic of Slovenia proclaimed its independence. With this, Ljubljana became the capital of the new state, the heart of the political, economic, cultural and scientific life of the Slovene nation.
Ljubljana, with only some 276.000 inhabitants, combines the compactness of a small city with the facilities of a metropolis and, compared with other European capitals, remains a city on a human scale.
Roman dependency Emona (Colonia Emona (Aemona) Iulia tribu Claudia) arose in year 15. First medival references of Ljubljana goes in time around year 1020, with todays name in year 1144 with name Laybach and 1146 with Luwigana. According to new findings, the first mentioned of Ljubljana in written form was between 1112 adn 1125. After year 1220, when Ljubljana gets city rights, in time she takes primacy of Kranj and Kamnik and becomes capital city of Kranj land, in year 1335 comes under the Habsburgs and in year 1461 becomes seat of Škofije. Habsburgs rule was suspended in between year 1809 and 1813, when Ljubljana was capital city of french Illyrian provices. In year 1821 Ljubljana was a host of ljubljana congress.
In second half of 19. Century, Ljubljana has established itself as s policitical and crultural center of Slovenians. When Austo-Hungary collapsed in year 1918, Ljubljana became a seat of Drava banovina. The mayor of Ljubljana between second world war was Leon Rupnik, the leader of home guard units, which consisted of nazi and fascists. But the resistance in Ljubljana was to great. Most of her population was participating or at least supporting the fight of their army. With this, Ljubljana is one of the most resistant and home loving citys. It was the city, which resisted domestic traitors and attackers (okupator). After second world war it became capital city of socialist republic of Slovenia.
Ljubljana was often affected by earthquakes. After the earthquake in 1511 she was rebuild in renesaince style, after catastrofical earthquake in 1895 in neoclassical and art nouveau style. Between both wars, all the important buildings, street regulations and arrangements were planned by famous arhitect from Ljubljana, JoĹľe PleÄŤnik.
In year 1693, the Academia operosorum Labacensis was up, followed by Academia philharmonicorum in 1701. Ljubljana got university in year 1919, Slovenian academy of science and art in year 1937.
More from Ljubljana