As the proud historic Portuguese capital, Lisbon is home to many of the country's most important landmarks and ancient treasures.
Countless monuments to the past are scattered all around the Lisbon region and few are more impressive than the Castle of Sao Jorge (Castelo de Sao Jorge), which stands proudly atop the highest hill in Lisbon city centre, quite literally dominating the area from its elevated position of more than 100 metres
Castelo de Sao Jorge
The castle should be visited, not only to fully appreciate its 14th-century architecture and medieval treasures, but also for the quite breathtaking panoramas across the cityscape and beyond. The Castelo de Sao Jorge is partly encircled by an old moat and is entered across the stone bridge.
Costa do Castelo
Arco da Rua Augusta
The Arco da Rua Augusta is a huge stone archway linking both the Praca do Comercio (Commerce Square) with Augusta Street (Rua Augusta). Supported by classical stone columns, despite its size Lisbon's most famous arch appears very elegant and grand. Many statues adorn the arch itself and signify important moments in the city's distant past.
Praca do Comercio, Rua Augusta
Mosteiro dos Jeronimos
Situated in the Belem area of Lisbon and one of the most spectacular of the city's many monuments, the Hieronymites Monastery was built at the beginning of the 16th century, although it was not actually completed for 50 years. Created for the Hieronymite monks, the monastery features an extraordinary level of decoration, with detailed stone carvings squeezed in virtually everywhere on its palatial façade, while inside, you will find walls adorned with many colourful frescoes, a dramatic vaulted ceiling and beautiful ornamented stone columns.
Praca do Imperio
Ponte Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama Bridge is 17km long (10km of which pass over water), making it the longest bridge in Europe when it opened in 1998 and still today one of the longest in the world. Its vastness forced engineers to factor in the curvature of the Earth during its construction.
Elevador de Santa Justa
One of the city's best-loved landmarks and also known as the "Elevator of Carmo," this extraordinary structure was built at the turn of the century by the Portugal-born French architect Raoul de Mesnier du Ponsard (an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel, explaining the structure's similarities to Paris' Eiffel Tower), to connect downtown to Bairro Alto (the lowest and highest points of the city). Originally powered by steam, it is 45 meters high, and remains an interesting example of post-Eiffel iron architecture.
Casa dos Bicos
Standing in the Baixa area and dating as far back as 1523, the Casa dos Bicos is a much-loved Portuguese landmark with a glorious Renaissance-style exterior. The Casa dos Bicos literally translates as 'House of the Nozzles' and gained its name from its numerous peaks and points. Badly damaged during the 1755 earthquake, the Casa dos Bicos has undergone much restoration work over the years and is currently in an excellent state of repair.
Rua dos Bacalhoeiros 10
Praca de Touros do Campo Pequeno
Avenida da Republica of bullfighting still remains in Lisbon and although this 'sport' may not be for everyone, the arena itself is quite impressive. Built in the early 1890s, there is actually much more to the Praca de Touros do Campo Pequeno of today than simply its bull ring and following a huge renovation programme, it was reopened in 2006 and is now described as a multi-event venue, complete with a shopping centre actually beneath its structure. The Campo Pequeno Bullring is hard to miss and is a huge, circular building, flanked with four octagonal, domed towers.
Avenida da Republica
Ruinas do Convento do Carmo
The ruins of this Gothic church are evocative reminders of the devastation left by the 1755 earthquake. At the time of the earthquake it was the largest church in Lisbon, but today the roofless nave open to the sky is all that remains of the arches and rubble that caved in on the congregation as they were attending mass. Among the more ancient finds is a remnant from a Visigothic pillar and a Roman tomb carved with reliefs depicting the Muses. Other noteworthy pieces include shrunken heads, South American mummies, a jasper sculpture of the Virgin Mary, ancient tombstones, Visigothic artifacts, and coins dating back to the thirteenth century.
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