Bohemian Switzerland NP
The Bohemian Switzerland national park in Czech Republic includes the most valuable part of Elbe Sandstones, Jetrichovice Walls and the border area of Decin Walls.
To the south and the north-east, the national park is enclosed by the Labske Piskovce Protected Landscape Area, whereas to the east the Lusatian Mountains Protected Landscape Area lies adjacent to the park.
Czech-Saxon Switzerland is one of the most renowned traditional tourist destinations in Central Europe. This tradition goes back to the period of Romanticism, when Swiss and German romantic painters "discovered" the area. The first efforts to protect Saske Svycarsko on a large scale date back to 1928. On January 1, 2000, the Bohemian Switzerland national park became the fourth national park to be established in the Czech Republic. The park links to the Sächsische Schweiz (Saxon Switzerland) National Park in Germany across the border, which was founded in 1990.
The Bohemian Switzerland national park, a unique sandstone "rock town", is part of a large natural formation called Elbe Sandstones. Jetrichovice Walls, an area of square sandstones, displays leaks of basalt minerals, and the separate examples of Jurassic sandstones to be found along 'Bily potok' (White Stream) are also display interesting geological features. The park's relief, which contributes to the local specific climatic conditions, markedly increases the biodiversity of Bohemian Switzerland, as do the local water streams, above all the small rivers Kamenice and Krinice. Due to the flow of cold air, climatic inversion develops in deep gorges and passes. As a result, piedmont and mountain species of plant can be found at the bottom of cold, wet gorges, at an altitude of approximately 150 metres above sea level. Owing to their vastness, and at the same time extremely low population density, the Bohemian Switzerland and the Saxon Switzerland National Parks form a unique unit that has no equal in Europe.
The Pravcicka Gate national natural monument - a unique stone bridge, the Ticha and Divoka Gorges of the small river Kamenice, the Jetrichovice Rocks, small rock castles (for example, Shaunstejn, Falkenstejn), the Kyjovske Valley, which passes on to the gorge of the small River Krinice, the Ruzak Hill (619 metres above sea level), in which virgin forest style ecosystems can be found, etc.
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