Berlin-Schönefeld Airport is an international airport located 18 km southeast of the Berlin centre. The Berlin-Brandenburg Airport "Willy Brandt" is a new airport under construction located on the south of Berlin.
Berlin Airport is an international airport located near the town of Schönefeld in Brandenburg, directly at the southern border of Berlin and 18 km southeast of the city centre. Schönefeld was the major civil airport of East Germany, and the only airport serving East Berlin. Today, it is the smaller of the two Berlin airports.
Schönefeld Airport is situated outside the city proper, unlike Berlin Tegel Airport. Noise pollution is, therefore, less of an issue at Schönefeld. This is the main reason that the airport will be transformed into Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport by 2012.
Schönefeld Airport saw a major increase in passenger numbers over the recent years, which was caused by the opening of a base for EasyJet and Germanwings. In 2008, the airport served 6.6 million passengers.
Berlin-Schönefeld airport was opened on 15 October 1934 to accommodate the Henschel aircraft plant. By the end of the Second World War, over 14,000 aircraft had been built. On 22 April 1945, the airport was occupied by Soviet troops, and the aircraft construction facilities were either dismantled or blown up. By late 1947, the airport's rail link had been repaired and agricultural machinery was built and repaired on the site. In 1946, the Soviet Air Forces moved from Johannisthal Air Field to Schönefeld, including the civil airline Aeroflot. In 1947, the Soviet Military Administration in Germany approved the construction of a civilian airport at the site. Between 1947 and 1990, Schönefeld airport was renamed on several occasions and finally became the main airport of the GDR.
Following the German reunification in 1990, operating three separate airports became increasingly prohibitive, leading the Berlin City Council to pursue a single airport that would be more efficient and would decrease the amount of aircraft noise from the airport within the city. Therefore, it was decided to erect Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport at the current site of Schönefeld Airport, which is scheduled for opening in October 2012. The new airport will share only one runway with the existing one. Most of the old airport, including the terminal and apron areas, is intended to undergo a complete urban redevelopment following its closure.
Berlin Tegel "Otto Lilienthal" Airport is the main international airport in Berlin. It lies in Tegel, a section of the northern borough of Reinickendorf, 8 km northwest of the city centre of Berlin. Tegel Airport is notable for its hexagonal terminal building around an open square, which makes for walking distances as short as 30 m from the aircraft to the terminal exit. In 2010, the airport served just over 15 million passengers, making it by far the biggest airport serving Berlin and the fourth busiest airport in Germany. The airport is scheduled to close by 3 June 2012, the day the new Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport is set to become operational.
Tegel Airport is the primary hub for Air Berlin, and serves as focus city for Lufthansa. Additionally, it is the most important base for the charter business of Germania. The two dominant operators, Air Berlin and Lufthansa, each handle around 30% of the scheduled commercial flights.